Born on January 21, 1876, in Liverpool, England, James Larkin married Elizabeth Brown in 1903; the couple had four sons. He is a seasoned activist as well as labor organizer that formed the Irish Transporter as well as the General Workers’ Union. The latter grew to become the biggest union in the region.
The Irish Transport and the General Workers’ Union disintegrated during the Dublin Lockout. The situation forced James to travel to the United States of America in 1914, even though he would be deported later. He continued his labor organizing as a Marxist towards the 1940s. In the year 1947, he died while at Dublin, Ireland. Learn more about Lacey and Larkin: http://spartacus-educational.com/IRElarkin.htm and http://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/index.php/articles/jim-larkin-released-from-prison
James almost no education as he grew up in the slums of Liverpool. He would contribute to the income generated by the family through working at the various job opportunities that would find and eventually became a worker in the Liverpool docks. As result of his devotion and firm belief that many workers were not being treated fairly, James chose to be part of the National Union of Dock Labourers (NUDL). In 1905, he became a full-time trade union organizer of NUDL. Read more: James Larkin | Biography and Jim Larkin | Wikipedia
What alarmed the NUDL was James Larkins militant strike methods that led to his transfer to Dublin at around 1907. While at Dublin he founded the Irish Transport and General Workers Union. The union had a goal that aimed at combining all the Irish industrial workers, both skilled as well as unskilled into one organization.
James later formed the Irish Labor Party that was responsible for various strikes. The most remarkable of these was the Dublin Lockout in 1913 where more than 100,000 workers went on strike for about eight consecutive months, in the long run winning the right to fair employment.
During the start of World War I, Larkin staged massive anti-war demonstrations within Dublin. Besides, he toured the United States of America to raise some funds to fight the British. He was later convicted of communism and criminal anarchy in 1920.
In the preceding three years, he was pardoned and deported to Ireland. While at Ireland, James Larkin organized the Workers’ Union of Ireland which secured recognition from Communist International at around 1924.